pH Outlook – connecting the dots of the global economy

Europe shows the way in the New Normal

27 July 2020

Policymakers assumed Covid-19 would quickly disappear, and central bankers assumed there would be a quick V-shaped recovery. Encouragingly, last week’s European Council meeting set a new course in the right direction.


Oil

We focus on Brent as the global benchmark.

The market closed at $43.34, virtually unchanged for the second successive week.

Prices continue to operate in the very narrow ‘flag shape’ shown in the chart. This is typical of a market preparing for a major move – as we forecast on 1 March based on a similar flag shape, when suggesting correctly that:

“Oil prices (then at $50/bbl) seem highly likely to soon be back at their long-term average, below $30/bbl.”

After the drama of the collapse, the market rallied strongly from April lows. But since June, momentum has slowed, with prices moving in cents per barrel, not dollars. It is also clear that prices face major headwinds.  The flag shape confirms that the bulls and the bears are have probably battled each other to exhaustion:

  • The vast inventories built up during Q2 have still to be unwound – US distillate stocks are  26% above their 5-year average
  • US gasoline demand growth has also stalled as lockdowns are imposed/reimposed
  • Whilst in China, the catastrophic floods are starting to have a major impact on the economy.

Another sign of potential downside risk is that the US is close to becoming a net exporter of oil again. Prices have risen high enough for many shale wells to reopen, whilst demand growth is slowing.


S&P 500

We focus on the US S&P 500 Index as the world’s major stock market index.

The market shows a similar pattern to Brent, moving in an ever-narrowing range since June to close on Friday at 3215.

The usual definition of a strong market is one where most stocks are moving steadily upwards, based on rising earnings from a strong economy. Today’s market, as the chart shows, is quite different:

  • 5 large tech stocks (Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft  & Google) are collectively up 35% so far this year
  • The other 495 stocks in the S&P 500 are collectively down 5%
  • Overall, the S&P 500 is therefore up 2%, given the weight of the ‘Famous Five’ tech stocks

And, of course, the economy is weakening, with the Atlanta Fed’s latest Q2 GDP forecast at -35%.

There is also little sign of the promised V-shaped recovery. Congress is already having to debate extending furlough payments.  Major industries are still going through massive restructuring. Job losses are mounting.

In addition, political risk is rising domestically and overseas as the US election approaches and the US administration doubles down on its Cold War rhetoric with China.


Interest rates

We focus on the US 10-year rate, as this is the “risk-free” benchmark for global markets.

The rate finally broke down through the 0.60% level, closing at 0.58%.

Interest rates are a key indicator, perhaps the key indicator, for the global economy. Bond investors have learnt to their cost about the risks of inflation, and they are not inclined to give governments or central banks “the benefit of the doubt” when it comes to policy promises.

The fact they are now prepared to push rates lower suggests many now share our economic outlook.  A decade of central bank stimulus has not led to the promised supply shortages and inflation.  Instead it has encouraged massive over-capacity, making deflation a more likely outcome.


Europe confirms its Green Recovery Deal

New European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen launched her proposed EU Green Deal soon after taking office in December, noting:

“I am convinced that the old growth-model that is based on fossil-fuels and pollution is out of date, and it is out of touch with our planet. The European Green Deal is our new growth strategy – it is a strategy for growth that gives more back than it takes away. And we want to really make things different. We want to be the frontrunners in climate friendly industries, in clean technologies, in green financing.”

Now, the marathon 4-day Summit meeting of the 27 EU governments has confirmed the direction of travel.  As the Wall Street Journal notes:

“The agreement puts all 27 EU nations on the hook for debt to help prop up the finances of poorer EU nations, a move Germans, led by Ms. Merkel, have balked at for over a decade.  Ms. Merkel’s Damascene conversion, unthinkable a few months ago, raises the prospects of a reversal of fortune for the EU.

One of the key agreements was an €800/t tax on plastic packaging waste from 1 January.  In addition, there will soon be a carbon border tax for products made outside the EU. .

New beginnings are always difficult. But the EU’s moves are far more likely to create a Recovery as we move into the New Normal, than the alternative of continuing to support financial market bubbles with more stimulus money.

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This Research Note has been prepared by IeC for general circulation. The information contained in this Research Note may be retained. It has not been prepared for the benefit of any particular company or client and may not be relied upon by any company or client or other third party. IeC do not give investment advice and are not regulated under the UK Financial Services Act. If, notwithstanding the foregoing, this Research Note is relied upon by any person, IeC does not accept, and disclaims, all liability for loss and damage suffered as a result. The pH Report and pH Outlook are published by IeC. © IeC 2020