US chemical imports face ‘green’ border tax

The US Congress is currently close to finalising a Bill that would aim to tackle climate change. This follows the EU model by establishing a carbon price via a cap-and-trade system, and is very welcome news.
However, there is a sting in the tail, as currently drafted. For it also calls for a border tax on carbon-intensive goods. Chemicals would inevitably be a prime target for such a tax, and ‘The Economist’ rightly devotes an editorial to attacking this concept.
Proponents of the border tax argue that it would encourage other countries to reduce their carbon footprint. It would also stop American producers being disadvantaged by the higher costs imposed by the new higher US standard. But its costs could be huge.
As ‘The Economist’ comments, not only would a ‘massive bureaucracy be needed to certify the carbon content of different goods imported from different factories in different countries.’ But the indirect cost could be even higher, as ‘such a tax would be a dangerous weapon in the hands of America’s growing gang of protectionists’.
‘The Economist’ is not prone to exaggeration. It says that if these measures are passed, America risks starting ‘a global trade war’. Chemical industry executives need urgently to get themselves up to speed on this issue. And the trade associations need to monitor developments very carefully.

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